Background to hallmarks and case marks the testing (assay) and hallmarking of gold and silver items in britain goes back to the year 1300 at first the wardens of the goldsmiths' company would visit guild members workshops and stamp their work with the mark of the leopard's head. Hallmark date stamps on silver, gold, and platinum for the offices of london, birmingham, sheffield, and edinburgh from 1678 – 1974 london dated hallmarks from 1678 – 1974 birmingham dated hallmarks from 1773 – 1974. Sterling silver hallmark, sheffield assay office, date 1850, maker martin bros & co usually the initials were in capital letters, often in gothic characters less frequently the maker's name was written in full or was represented by a figural trade mark.
Silver marked in convention countries bears a maker’s mark, a common control mark, a purity mark and a country mark nine examples of country marks are shown here a selection of european marks. Ep, epns, and silver plate stand for electroplate on nickel silver gs standing for german silver german silver is a mark found frequently on mesh and coin purses, and is an alloy made up of nickel, copper, and zinc ns standing for nickel silver wm standing for white metal with no silver. The dating system was discontinued in 1830 when the silversmiths developed another system numbers like 1015, 112, or 11/12 were stamped on the silver to indicate the percentage of pure silver in the metal.
Gold hallmark identification wizard do you have a piece of gold jewellery and would like to know more information about it gold-traders has compiled a gold hallmark identification wizard to help decipher the markings that are stamped on your item. Patent numbers are especially helpful when dating older vintage jewelry, and will be covered in a separate article in this series resources for learning about hallmarks antique jewelry university: 925-1000: described as the “online encyclopedia of silver marks, hallmarks,. These arts, date letter sequence, when a set of hallmarks gorham sterling silver and hallmark means that it dating gold hallmarks date letter sequence, who made of about the full traditional mark and thai dating site free about their history by david boettcher british hallmarks with two looking for hundreds of the assaying. Birmingham hallmarks by the latter part of the 18th century birmingham was becoming an important centre of the silver industry silver was required to be assayed before sale but the nearest assay offices were either london or chester.
How to read english / british sterling silver marks the uk system of hallmarks from the end of the 12th century the craft of silversmith has been regulated in conformity with royal ordinances and acts of the parliament in england the craft was regulated by the guild of goldsmiths at london and in ireland by the guild of dublin. The crown & crescent are the state mark and are followed by a numeric standard mark and usually a maker’s mark (symbol, initials or full name) prior to 1884, instead of the crown & crescent, each city had its own symbol and silver purity was sometimes marked on the lothige system with a number 12 or more commonly 13. A silver object that is to be sold commercially is, in most countries, stamped with one or more silver hallmarks indicating the purity of the silver, the mark of the manufacturer or silversmith, and other (optional) markings to indicate date of manufacture and additional information about the piece.
Dating antique silver hallmarks antique silver hallmarks and how to indentify where your silver comes from antique silver hallmarks have been used to control the quality of goods made of silver since the 14th century and the organisation that regulates the craft, goldsmiths hall, gave the world the term hallmark. In addition to the longstanding hallmarking standards of some european countries, the united states enacted the gold and silver stamping act in 1906 this required that a manufacturer put a quality stamp on his karat gold or silver items along with their hallmark these marks aid in identifying and dating a piece. Dating english silver from hallmark a british hallmark means that the article has been independently tested and guarantees that it conforms to all legal standards of purity (fineness)these tests are carried out only by an assay office, of which there are four in the ul – london, birmingham, sheffield and edinburgh. Gorham silver was founded in providence, rhode island in the year of 1831 by jabez gorham, a master craftsman, in partnership with henry l webster the firm's chief product was silver spoons although they also made thimbles, combs, jewelry, and other small items.
A single mark usually indicates that the piece of silver was made in america, although there are some irish and scottish pieces with just the maker’s name this is a list of american silver marks and solid american silver. The creation of antique silver hallmarks antique silver markings were first used in england in the 14th century and the story goes that around 1408 a silversmith called philip stubbs complained of the widespread use, by unscrupulous silversmiths, of drossie rubbage or refuse metal.
Of dutch silver dating to the 17th or 18th centuries, you will need to consult tardy’s international hallmarks on silver as the information that follows will not apply to you usually the largest and easiest to spot of all the hallmarks is the standard (or purity. Conversely, convention hallmarks that have been applied in other member countries are recognised in the uk some of the assay office marks of member countries of the convention are illustrated below the shield design around the assay office mark may vary according to whether the article is gold, silver or platinum. The shape of the shield cartouche around the city mark and standard mark generally change to match the shield around the date letter mark sheffield maker's marks this page of sheffield maker's marks is organized alphabetically by the first letter in the mark. Standard mark, city mark, date letter and maker's mark [+ a duty mark if 1785-1890], the item is either from another country or a piece of silverplate with a hallmark-like trademark click here for a comparison of british silverplate marks to british sterling hallmarks.